Vascular Plant Species at Indian Creek Nature Center

An asterisk (*) denotes a non-native species.  Plants listed were noted and recorded by Nancy Eldblom and Anne Johnson between 1985 and the present. Latin names may not be the most current (see the online New York Flora Atlas for updated names).

Ferns and Fern Allies

 

 Fern, Maidenhair

Adiantum pedatum 

 Fern, Lady 

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum

 Grape fern, Cut-leaved 

Botrychium dissectum 

 Grape fern, Leathery

Botrychium multifidum 

 Grape-fern, Blunt-lobed 

Botrychium oneidense 

 Grape fern, Oneida

Botrychium oneidense 

 Grape fern, Rugulose 

Botrychium rugulosum 

 Fern, Rattlesnake

Botrychium virginianum 

 Fern, Bulble 

Cystopteris bulbifera 

 Clubmoss, Northern tree 

Dendrolycopodium dendroideum 

 Clubmoss, Hickey's

Dendrolycopodium hickeyi 

 Clubmoss, Tree 

Dendrolycopodium obscurum 

 Fern, Hay-scented

Dennstaedtia punctilobula 

 Spleenwort, Silvery

Deparia acrostichoides 

 Groundcedar; Running-pine 

Diphasiastrum digitatum 

 Wood fern, Spinulose

Dryopteris carthusiana 

 Wood fern, Creste 

Dryopteris cristata 

 Fern, Fanc

Dryopteris intermedia ssp. intermedia

 Horsetail, Field 

Equisetum arvense 

 Horsetail, Water

Equisetum fluviatile 

 Scouring rush

Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine

 Scouring rush, Dwarf

Equisetum scirpoides 

 Horsetail, Wood

Equisetum sylvaticum 

 Horsetail, Variegated

Equisetum variegatum ssp. variegatum

 Fern, Oak

Gymnocarpium dryopteris 

 Clubmoss, Staghorn

Lycopodium clavatum 

 Fern, Ostrich

Matteuccia struthiopteris 

 Fern, Sensitive 

Onoclea sensibilis 

 Fern, Cinnamon

Osmunda cinnamomea 

 Fern, Royal

Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis

 Fern, Long Beech

Phegopteris connectilis 

 Fern, Christmas

Polystichum acrostichoides 

 Fern, Marsh

Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens

 Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes

 

*Redtop; Black bent

Agrostis gigantea 

 Bent, Autumn or Upland

Agrostis perennans 

 Bentgrass; Hairgrass

Agrostis scabra 

*Foxtail, Meadow

Alopecurus pratensis 

*Vernalgrass, Sweet

Anthoxanthum odoratum 

 Shorthusk, Northern

Brachyelytrum aristosum 

*Brome, Smooth

Bromus inermis 

 Grass, Bluejoint

Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis

 Sedge 

Carex albursina 

 Sedge, Connecting 

Carex annectens 

 Sedge, Compressed

Carex arctata 

 Sedge, Bebb's 

Carex bebbii 

 Sedge, Charming 

Carex blanda 

 Sedge, Brome-like 

Carex bromoides ssp. bromoides

 Sedge, Common 

Carex communis var. communis

 Sedge, Bearded 

Carex comosa 

 Sedge, Fringed 

Carex crinita var. crinita

 Sedge, Weak 

Carex debilis var. rudgei

 Sedge 

Carex folliculata 

 Sedge, Filiform 

Carex gracillima 

 Sedge, Granular

Carex granularis 

 Sedge, Inland 

Carex interior 

 Sedge, Bladder 

Carex intumescens 

 Sedge, Lake 

Carex lacustris 

 Sedge, Loose-flowered 

Carex laxiflora 

 Sedge, Delicate 

Carex leptalea 

 Sedge, Hop 

Carex lupulina 

 Sedge, New England 

Carex novae-angliae 

 Sedge, Pale 

Carex pallescens 

 Sedge, Peck's

Carex peckii 

 Sedge, Peduncled

Carex pedunculata 

 Sedge, Wooly

Carex pellita 

 Sedge, Pensylvania

Carex pensylvanica 

 Sedge, Broad-leaved

Carex platyphylla 

 Sedge, Cyperus-like

Carex pseudocyperus 

 Sedge, Radiate 

Carex radiata 

 Sedge, Retrorse 

Carex retrorsa 

 Sedge, Broom 

Carex scoparia var. scoparia

 Sedge, Stipitate or Crowded

Carex stipata var. stipata

 Sedge, Swan's 

Carex swanii 

 Sedge, Slender 

Carex tenera var. tenera

 Sedge, Beaked 

Carex utriculata 

 Sedge, Bladdery

Carex vesicaria 

 Sedge, Fox

Carex vulpinoidea 

 Cyperus; Flat sedge

Cyperus odoratus 

 Galingale, Umbrella sedge

Cyperus strigosus 

*Grass, Orchard 

Dactylis glomerata 

 Poverty-grass

Danthonia spicata 

 Grass, Panic

Dichanthelium acuminatum general 

 Grass, Deer-tongue

Dichanthelium clandestinum 

 Bottlebrush

Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

*Quackgrass, Witch-grass

Elymus repens 

 Wild-rye, Virginia

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus

 Fescue, Nodding

Festuca subverticillata 

 Mannagrass, Northern

Glyceria borealis 

 Grass, Rattlesnake

Glyceria canadensis 

 Meadowgrass, Reed

Glyceria grandis var. grandis

 Rush

Juncus brevicaudatus 

 Rush, Dudley's

Juncus dudleyi 

 Rush, Soft; Candle-rush 

Juncus effusus var. solutus

 Rush, Path

Juncus tenuis 

 Cutgrass, Rice 

Leersia oryzoides 

 Woodrush 

Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora

 Satin-grass; Muhly

Muhlenbergia mexicana 

*Bluegrass, Annual

Poa annua 

*Bluegrass, Canada

Poa compressa 

*Bluegrass, Kentucky

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis

*Fescue, Meadow

Schedonorus pratensis 

 Bulrush, Soft-stem; Tule

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani 

 Woolgrass; Bulrush

Scirpus cyperinus 

 Bulrush

Scirpus pendulus 

 Herbaceous Plants

 

 Mercury, Three-seeded 

Acalypha virginica 

*Yarrow

Achillea millefolium var. millefolium

 Baneberry, Red

Actaea rubra 

 Agrimony

Agrimonia gryposepala 

 Water-plantain 

Alisma triviale 

*Mustard, Garlic

Alliaria petiolata 

 Leek, Wild; Ramp

Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum

 Ragweed

Ambrosia artemisiifolia 

 Hog peanut

Amphicarpaea bracteata 

 Anemone, Canada

Anemone canadensis 

 Thimbleweed

Anemone virginiana var. virginiana

 Pussytoes; Everlasting

Antennaria neglecta 

 Dogbane, Rosy 

Apocynum androsaemifolium 

 Sarsaparilla, Wild

Aralia nudicaulis 

 Spikenard

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa

 Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum

 Wild ginger

Asarum canadense 

 Milkweed, Swamp

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata

 Milkweed, Common

Asclepias syriaca 

*Asparagus

Asparagus officinalis 

*Rocket, Yellow

Barbarea vulgaris 

 Bur-marigold

Bidens cernua 

 Beggar-ticks; stick-tights

Bidens connata 

 Beggar-ticks, Small

Bidens discoidea 

 False-nettle

Boehmeria cylindrica 

 Marsh marigold; Cowslip

Caltha palustris 

 Bellflower, Marsh

Campanula aparinoides 

 Crinkleroot, Toothwort

Cardamine diphylla 

 Bittercress, Pennsylvania

Cardamine pensylvanica 

 Blue cohosh

Caulophyllum thalictroides 

*Chickweed, Mouse-eared

Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare

 Spurge, Hairy

Chamaesyce vermiculata 

 Turtlehead

Chelone glabra 

 Saxifrage, Golden

Chrysosplenium americanum 

 Water-hemlock, Bulb-bearing

Cicuta bulbifera 

 Water-hemlock

Cicuta maculata var. maculata

 Enchanter's nightshade,Small

Circaea alpina 

 Enchanter's nightshade,Large

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis

 Enchanter's nightshade

Circaea x intermedia 

*Thistle, Canada

Cirsium arvense 

 Spring-beauty

Claytonia caroliniana 

 Lily, Bluebead

Clintonia borealis 

 Cinquefoil, Marsh

Comarum palustre 

 Goldthread

Coptis trifolia 

 Bunchberry

Cornus canadensis 

*Queen Anne's lace

Daucus carota 

 Water-willow

Decodon verticillatus 

 Tick-trefoil, Giant

Desmodium canadense 

 Tick-trefoil, Sticky

Desmodium glutinosum 

*Pink, Deptford 

Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria

 Squirrel-corn

Dicentra canadensis 

 Aster, Flat-topped

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata

 Beechdrops

Epifagus virginiana 

 Willow-herb

Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum

 Willow-herb, Narrow-leaved

Epilobium leptophyllum 

*Helleborine; Weed-orchid

Epipactis helleborine 

 Pilewort, Fireweed

Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolia

 Troutlily; Dog-tooth violet

Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum

 Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum 

*Eyebright

Euphrasia stricta 

 Aster, Bigleaved

Eurybia macrophylla 

 Goldenrod, Grass-leaved

Euthamia graminifolia 

 Joe-pye-weed, Spotted

Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum

 Strawberry, Wild

Fragaria virginiana 

*Bedstraw, White

Galium mollugo 

 Bedstraw, Ditch

Galium palustre 

 Bedstraw, Cleavers

Galium tinctorium 

 Bedstraw, Small; Cleavers

Galium trifidum ssp. trifidum

 Bedstraw, Sweet-scented

Galium triflorum 

*Herb-robert

Geranium robertianum 

 Avens, White

Geum canadense 

 Avens, Rough

Geum laciniatum 

 Avens, Purple

Geum rivale 

*Gill-over-the-ground

Glechoma hederacea 

 Everlasting, Sweet

Gnaphalium obtusifolium 

 Rattlesnake-plantain, Downy

Goodyera pubescens 

 Hedge hyssop

Gratiola neglecta 

 Stickseed; Beggar-lice

Hackelia virginiana 

*Jerusalem artichoke

Helianthus tuberosus 

 Liverleaf

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

 Liverleaf

Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa

*Hawkweed

Hieracium lachenalii 

 Hawkweed, Rough

Hieracium scabrum 

 Bluets, Quaker ladies

Houstonia caerulea 

*Frog's-bit

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae 

 Pennywort, Water

Hydrocotyle americana 

 Waterleaf, Virginia

Hydrophyllum virginianum 

 St. John's-wort, No. dwarf

Hypericum boreale 

 St. John's-wort, Canadian

Hypericum majus 

*St. John's-wort

Hypericum perforatum 

 St. John's-wort

Hypericum punctatum 

 Jewelweed, Spotted

Impatiens capensis 

*Elecampane

Inula helenium 

 Lettuce, Blue

Lactuca biennis 

 Pea, Marsh

Lathyrus palustris

 Wood-nettle

Laportea canadensis 

*Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca 

*Daisy, Ox-eye 

Leucanthemum vulgare 

 Canada Lily

Lilium canadense

*Butter-and-eggs

Linaria vulgaris 

 Pimpernel, False

Lindernia dubia var. dubia

 Cardinal flower 

Lobelia cardinalis 

 Indian-tobacco 

Lobelia inflata 

*Bird's foot trefoil

Lotus corniculatus 

 Bugle-weed, Water horehound

Lycopus americanus 

 Bugle-weed, Water horehound

Lycopus uniflorus 

 Loosestrife, Fringed

Lysimachia ciliata 

*Moneywort; Creeping-Charlie

Lysimachia nummularia 

 Swamp candles 

Lysimachia terrestris 

*Loosestrife, Purple

Lythrum salicaria 

 Lily-of-the-Valley, False

Maianthemum canadense 

 Solomon's seal, False

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum

*Sweet-clover, White

Melilotus albus 

 Mint, Field

Mentha canadensis 

 Partridge berry 

Mitchella repens 

 Miterwort

Mitella diphylla 

 Miterwort

Mitella nuda 

 Sandwort, Grove

Moehringia lateriflora 

 Indian-pipe

Monotropa uniflora 

 Naiad

Najas flexilis 

 Water-lily, White

Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata

 Aster, Whorled wood

Oclemena acuminata 

*Bartsia, Red; Eyebright

Odontites vernus ssp. serotinus

 Sweet Cicely

Osmorhiza claytonii 

*Parsnip, Wild

Pastinaca sativa 

*False-foxglove 

Penstemon digitalis 

 Ditch-stonecrop

Penthorum sedoides 

*Water-pepper; Smartweed

Persicaria hydropiper 

*Smartweed, Pale

Persicaria lapathifolia 

 Pinkweed

Persicaria pensylvanica 

 Smartweed, Water

Persicaria punctata 

 Tearthumb, Arrow-leaved

Persicaria sagittata 

 Ground cherry, Clammy 

Physalis heterophylla 

 Clearweed

Pilea fontana 

 Clearweed

Pilea pumila 

*Hawkweed, Orange

Pilosella aurantiaca 

*King-devil, Glaucous

Pilosella piloselloides 

*Plantain, English

Plantago lanceolata 

 Plantain, Rugel's

Plantago rugelii 

 Orchid, Ragged fringed

Platanthera lacera 

 Milkwort, Rose 

Polygala sanguinea 

 Solomon's seal 

Polygonatum pubescens 

 Pickerel-weed 

Pontederia cordata 

 Pondweed, Floating

Potamogeton natans 

*Cinquefoil, Rough-fruited

Potentilla recta 

 Cinquefoil, Old-field

Potentilla simplex 

 Rattlesnakeroot; Wh. lettuce

Prenanthes alba 

 Rattlesnakeroot; Wh. lettuce

Prenanthes altissima 

*Heal-all

Prunella vulgaris 

 Shinleaf

Pyrola elliptica 

 Buttercup, Kidney-leaf

Ranunculus abortivus 

*Buttercup, Common

Ranunculus acris 

*Cursed crowfoot

Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus

*Watercress, Marsh

Rorippa palustris ssp. palustris

 Blackberry, Common

Rubus allegheniensis 

 Raspberry, Red 

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus

 Raspberry, Black

Rubus occidentalis 

 Raspberry, Dwarf

Rubus pubescens var. pubescens

*Black-eyed-Susan

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima

*Sheep sorrel

Rumex acetosella ssp. pyrenaicus

 Wapato; Duck-potato

Sagittaria latifolia 

 Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis 

 Figwort, Hare

Scrophularia lanceolata 

 Skullcap, Marsh

Scutellaria galericulata 

 Skullcap, Mad-dog

Scutellaria lateriflora 

 Parsnip, Water 

Sium suave 

*Nightshade, Deadly

Solanum dulcamara var. dulcamara

 Goldenrod, Common

Solidago canadensis var. canadensis

 Goldenrod, Zig-zag

Solidago flexicaulis 

 Goldenrod, Early

Solidago juncea 

 Goldenrod, Gray or Rough

Solidago nemoralis 

 Goldenrod, Rough-leaved

Solidago rugosa var. rugosa

 Lady's-tresses, Autumn 

Spiranthes cernua 

 Lady's-tresses, Wide-leaved

Spiranthes lucida 

*Stitchwort, Lesser

Stellaria graminea 

 Aster, Heart leaved

Symphyotrichum cordifolium 

 Aster, Cornel-leaf

Symphyotrichum firmum 

 Aster; Calico

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum

 Aster, New England

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 

 Aster, Ontario

Symphyotrichum ontarione 

 Aster, Purple-stemmed

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum

*Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale 

 Meadow-rue, Early

Thalictrum dioicum 

 Meadow-rue, Tall

Thalictrum pubescens 

 Foamflower

Tiarella cordifolia 

 Poison ivy

Toxicodendron radicans ssp. negundo

*Goat's beard

Tragopogon dubius 

*Goat's beard, Yellow

Tragopogon pratensis 

 Starflower, Maystar

Trientalis borealis 

*Clover, Yellow hop

Trifolium aureum 

*Clover, Alsike 

Trifolium hybridum 

*Clover, Red

Trifolium pratense 

*Clover, White or Lawn

Trifolium repens 

 Trillium, Purple or Red.

Trillium erectum 

 Trillium, White 

Trillium grandiflorum 

 Cat-tail, Common

Typha latifolia 

*Nettle, Stinging

Urtica dioica ssp. dioica

 Bladderwort, Common

Utricularia macrorhiza 

 Wild-oats; Merrybells

Uvularia sessilifolia 

*Heliotrope, Garden

Valeriana officinalis 

 Hellebore, False or White

Veratrum viride 

*Mullein

Verbascum thapsus 

 Speedwell, American

Veronica americana 

*Speedwell

Veronica officinalis 

 Speedwell,Purslane

Veronica peregrina ssp. peregrina

*Speedwell, Thyme-leaved

Veronica serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia

*Vetch, Cow

Vicia cracca ssp. cracca

*Vetch, Lentil

Vicia tetrasperma 

 Violet, Canada

Viola canadensis var. canadensis

 Violet, American Dog

Viola conspersa 

 Violet, Yellow

Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula

 Violet, Yellow

Viola pubescens var. pubescens

 Violet, Long-spurred

Viola rostrata 

 Violet, Common

Viola sororia 

 Shrubs

 

 Alder, Speckled or Tag

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa

 Juneberry, Bush or Low

Amelanchier humilis 

 Juneberry; Shadbush

Amelanchier spicata 

 Buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis 

 Dogwood, Pagoda

Cornus alternifolia 

 Dogwood, Silky

Cornus amomum ssp. amomum

 Dogwood, Stiff or Gray

Cornus racemosa 

 Dogwood, Red osier

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea

 Hazelnut, Beaked; Hazel

Corylus cornuta ssp. cornuta

 Leatherwood

Dirca palustris 

 Winterberry

Ilex verticillata 

 Juniper, Pasture 

Juniperus communis var. communis

 Honeysuckle, Fly

Lonicera canadensis 

 Honeysuckle, Wild or Mt.

Lonicera dioica var. dioica

*Honeysuckle, Fly

Lonicera x bella 

 Sweet-gale

Myrica gale 

 Holly, Mountain

Nemopanthus mucronatus 

 Chokeberry, Black

Photinia melanocarpa 

 Plum, Canada or Wild

Prunus nigra 

 Cherry, Choke

Prunus virginiana 

 Buckthorn, Alder-leaved

Rhamnus alnifolia 

 Sumac, Staghorn

Rhus typhina 

 Currant, Wild black

Ribes americanum 

 Gooseberry, Prickly

Ribes cynosbati 

 Gooseberry, Northern

Ribes hirtellum 

 Willow, Bebb's

Salix bebbiana 

 Pussy-willow

Salix discolor 

 Willow, Stiff

Salix eriocephala 

 Willow, Shining

Salix lucida ssp. lucida

 Willow, Slender

Salix petiolaris 

 Elderberry, Black

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

 Elderberry, Red

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa

 Meadow-sweet 

Spiraea alba var. alba

 Hardhack, Steeple-bush 

Spiraea tomentosa var. tomentosa

*Lilac

Syringa vulgaris 

 Yew, American 

Taxus canadensis 

 Blueberry, Highbush

Vaccinium corymbosum 

 Blueberry, Velvetleaved 

Vaccinium myrtilloides 

 Viburnum, Maple-leaf

Viburnum acerifolium 

 Arrowwood

Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum

 Nannyberry

Viburnum lentago 

 Wild raisin

Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides

 Prickly ash

Zanthoxylum americanum 

 Trees

 

*Box-elder

Acer negundo var. negundo

 Maple, Black

Acer nigrum 

 Maple, Red

Acer rubrum var. rubrum

 Maple, Silver

Acer saccharinum 

 Maple, Sugar

Acer saccharum var. saccharum

 Shadbush

Amelanchier arborea var. arborea

 Birch, Yellow

Betula alleghaniensis 

 Birch, Paper or White

Betula papyrifera 

 Birch, Gray

Betula populifolia 

 Blue Beech, Musclewood

Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana

 Hickory, Shagbark

Carya ovata 

 Hawthorn, Scarlet

Crataegus coccinea

 Hawthorn, Fan-leaved

Crataegus flabellata var. grayana

Hawthorn, Long-thored

Crataegus macracantha 

 Hawthorn

Crataegus macrosperma 

*Oleaster; Autumn olive 

Elaeagnus umbellata 

*Spindle-tree, European 

Euonymus europaeus 

 Beech, American

Fagus grandifolia 

 Ash, White

Fraxinus americana 

 Ash, Black

Fraxinus nigra 

 Ash, Red or Green

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 

 Butternut

Juglans cinerea 

 Cedar, Red

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

 Tamarack

Larix laricina 

*Apple 

Malus pumila 

 Hop hornbeam, Ironwood

Ostrya virginiana 

 Spruce, White 

Picea glauca 

 Pine, White

Pinus strobus 

*Pine, Scotch

Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestris

 Poplar, Balsam 

Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera

 Aspen, Big-toothed

Populus grandidentata 

 Aspen, Quaking

Populus tremuloides 

 Cherry, Fire or Pin

Prunus pensylvanica var. pensylvanica

 Cherry, Black

Prunus serotina 

 Oak, White

Quercus alba 

 Oak, Swamp white

Quercus bicolor 

 Oak, Mossy-cup; Bur oak

Quercus macrocarpa 

 Oak, Northern red

Quercus rubra 

*Buckthorn, Common

Rhamnus cathartica 

 Mountain ash; Rowan tree

Sorbus decora 

 Cedar, White; Arbor vitae

Thuja occidentalis 

 Basswood

Tilia americana var. americana

 Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis 

 Elm, American

Ulmus americana 

 Elm, Slippery or Red

Ulmus rubra 

 Vines

 

*Bittersweet, Oriental

Celastrus orbiculata 

 Bittersweet

Celastrus scandens 

 Virgin's bower

Clematis virginiana 

 Virginia creeper, Woodbine

Parthenocissus vitacea 

 Carrion-flower

Smilax herbacea 

 Grape, Frost or Riverbank

Vitis riparia